Powerful Earthquake hits Pakistan with 8.1 Magnitude

Pakistan's 'Most strong & biggest' earthquake shakes the country

At least 60 People killed as well as lots hurt after a highly effective 8.1 magnitude earthquake jolted the Pakistan 

Magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck main cities of Pakistan, including the north & southern Pakistan (Peshawar, Islamabad, Lahore, Kohat, Gilgit, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Multan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, D.I Khan, Quetta, Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukker, Gawadar, Kalat and other cities & towns, lots injured because of roof structure as well as building collapses in different areas. 

Wall structure collapses in Dhaki area during Muharrum Ladies Majlis  near Asamai Gate & Sarafa Market.

We have not learnt any lessons in 10 years from the earthquake, still lack of Hospitals, Dispensaries and other health facilities.

Earthquake also shook houses in many parts of the Pakistan & Afghanistan, running people on roads & streets reciting Kalma-e-Tayyaba, استغفر_الله_واتوب_اليه and Azan.

Latest Pakistan Earthquake Updates
  • Epicenter in Mountains of Hindu Kush
  • Casualties claimed with Swat, Bajaur, Kallar Kahar, Sargodha, Kasur
  • Marketing Telecommunication services upset in major Northern parts of Pakistan Islamabad, Peshawar
  • Tremors with felt with Delhi, Kabul, Dubai also in Bangladesh

The earthquake was 196 km (120 miles) deep and centred 82 km (51 miles) southeastern of Fayazabad in a far area of Afghanistan in the mountains of Hindu Kush.

Aftershocks may expected in next 24 hours as National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)

Snow falls in Kuwait for 'first time in History'

Snow fell on Kuwait on Thursday (28-JAN-2016) morning for the primary time within the country's history. Snow flakes falling within the Gulf state, wherever temperatures have plummeted in recent days.

Temperatures in Kuwait go up to 50C within the summer months mostly in May, June & July and even in winter 20C is that the norm. However, on Thursday the temperature was as low as 3C.

There is no record of snow having fallen in Kuwait before, though the emirate has experienced hail and frost within the past once temperatures have fallen within the winter.

While snow is remarkable in Kuwait, in near Saudi Arabia the north of the country often sees downfall.

In the town of Rafha (Saudia Arabia) on Thursday temperatures fell to -2C. Photos.

Tornado hits RaiWind (Lahore) One Killed and Many injured

Another Tornado:
After Peshawar where 35 individuals had passed on because of extreme tornado in April 2015 now another tornado has reported in RaiWind area, many homes, mosque and walls folded in RaiWind & it's adjoining area, there is heavy rain storm in Rai wind & Lahore since last 20 hours and showers created a lot of problems for the people of RaiWind & Lahore. Rain water flooded the streets and road in various parts of the city on Tuesday after a heavy downpour that lasted throughout the day. 

Heavy showers also occurred in Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Faisalabad, Multan, Gujranwala, Multan, Murree, Toba tek singh, Peshawar, Sawat, Skurdu, Kalam, Para channar including other cities & areas of Punjab, KPK & Gilgit Baltistan which turned the weather pleasant & cool, while Skurdu & hilly areas of Gilgit Baltistan receives first snowfall of the season.

Rainfall Recorded Figures:

  • 125 millimeter at Lahore International Airport
  • 92 at Dharam pura Road
  • 90 at Saddar area
  • 89 mm at Garhi Shahu
  • 74 at Lahore Cantonment Station,
  • 85 mm at Mall Road
As per PakWeather.com analysis : Due to the moisture come from Arabian Sea has entered into Northern and Central parts of the country. Few more showers expected in central and in upper punjab, Gilgit Baltistan and few parts of KPK & Kashmir. while Sindh & Baluchistan will remain dry & sunny.

Four People Died in Severe Karachi Heatwave Again

Once again Karachi is faced 42.7 degree Celsius and  unfortunately four individuals died due dehydration and severe heatstroke.

The Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) has guided the occupants to take safety oriented measures. 

Reports of moderate to heavy shower that started in Thar, Nagarparkar & Badin as per "PakWeather" latest updates & News.

As per "Pak Weather" analysis the upcoming low  from Bay of Bengal will cross Pakistan. A moderate downpour has likewise been estimated in Thar, Sukkur Division, Mirpur Khas, Nawabshah, Hyderabad and Larkana during next 48 hours, while isolated shower may also occur in Karachi if local development will happen with in 2 days. 

Chief Health Services Zafar Ejaz has said that the natives ought to take safety oriented measure amid these four days. 

Around 1200 individuals had passed on because of extreme heat strokes in June this year. 

How to Safe From Heat Stroke or Heat Wave?

There are a many simple things can do help us from dehydration due to Heat Wave:

  • Wear cotton damp clothes which will help decrease the temperature of human body.
  • sticking both hands one by one in cold or normal water
  • Take a bath at least twice in a single day which can help to down & maintain head and Body temperature.
  • Placing your pedestal fans very next to window as that will help to flow air from outside & make your room temperature very cool as compare to outdoor.
  • wearing looser clothes (Cotton is better).
  • Prefer white color clothes as well as white cap or "Topi".
  • Fanning your face rather than the other parts.

Why Animals Have Wrinkles over Skin?

Wrinkled Animals
You can easily be find the examples of wrinkles in various animal species that grow loose, excess skin, when they are young.  Wrinkles are a trait associated with juvenile animals, most of the elephants, usually “African Elephants” have wrinkles which help to keep cool themselves. Elephants have less sweat glands. They cannot use them for regulating the temperature of their body. Because of it, they disperse heat in other ways, wrinkles on the skin of an elephant traps moisture in the hollows, which means that it takes longer to evaporate the moisture in an elephant’s skin, this helps to keep the elephant cooler for longer time. Elephants are not only the creased creatures on the earth that benefit from wrinkles, the most famously dogs known as the name of furrowed are also have Chines sharpei wrinkles. In 2008, the researchers of the University at Autonoma de Barcelona, discovered a genetic mutation in the purebred that gives them their wrinkled appearance increased production of a naturally occurring compound called hyaluronic acid. Granting to the research of American Kennel Club, sharpei wrinkles are limited to the head, neck, and withers in adult dogs the breed is more wrinkly overall as puppies. The naked mole rat also has wrinkley skin. its saggy skin helps to make them to move around easier, and able them to burrow underground easily. Bruce Patterson, curator at the Field Museum in Chicago, said  that "All burrowing rodents have loose skin because they live in confined tunnels and need to turn around, virtually inside their skins.” The slack skin of  naked mole rats is more noticeable, which look like funny, because they are totally hairless. They do have sparse hairs that allow them to sense their surroundings it is a great ability in that type of rats. Patterson also said that “Blind and nearly cold blooded, the African rodents stay safely underground, where the sun's warmth penetrates the shallow parts of their tunnels.” Naked mole rats are known for another reason, they live long, its lives has totally free from cancer, whereas mice and rats do not live long and have high rates of cancer. In 2013, the study says in journal nature report, in which the chemical properties that make naked mole rat skin stretchy may also play a role in keeping them free from cancer. 

Hottest summer: Heatwave kills more than 1000 in Karachi

Karachi Under scorching Sun
In Karachi, the temperatures rose to 45°C. And, consistent with the newest forecast, the weather can stay hot/very hot and dry throughout subsequent twenty four hours.The soaring temperatures within the port town to a low pressure that developed within the Arabian Sea close to the Indian monetary hub of Mumbai and sucked all told the winds processing towards Asian country. The temperatures can begin dropping from Monday and later can bring some rain prospects for Karachiites. Few chances of shower still persist here for lower Sindh during next 24-48 hours.

The city saw temperatures reach as high as 44.8 Celsius (111 degrees Fahrenheit) on Sat while 43 Degree Celsius recorded on Sunday 21 June 2015 (Longest Day in Year), simply in need of associate incomparable high within the metropolis of forty seven degrees (47C) in  1979.

Karachi heatwave claims more than 1000 lives
A heatwave has killed at least more than thousand people in Pakistan's largest city of Karachi.
Electricity cuts or load shedding issues in Karachi’s water system, hampering the pumping of countless gallons of water to shoppers, the water utility same.

First Pre-Monsoon Activity of Sindh in 2015

Massive Dust Storm hit Karachi region
Powerful dust storm (Maximum wind speed around 60 - 80  km/h) with drizzle/light shower in Karachi due to "Pre Monsoon" activity in different parts of Sindh Pakistan. Dust storm damaged trees & Weak Bill Boards.

Pre-Monsoon Shower in SINDH

According to our reports from Sindh, Isolated shower occurred in some central & Lower parts of Sindh,  including Dadu, Nawabshah, Nagerparker, Umerkot ,Tharparker, Hyderabad, Rohri, Moro, Larkana. 

Rainfall Figure in Sindh: Dadu 42 mm Nawabshah 37 Padidan 36 mm.

Karachi Pre-Monsoon Rain 2015 (Gulshan-e-Hadeed)

Islamabad's Geography, Climate, and Environment

In this world, Pakistan is one of few countries to have every kind of geological structure. The geography structure of the country Pakistan is a blend of landscapes. You will find plateaus, hills, deserts, forests, and plains. There are coastal areas along the mountains of the Karakoram Range in the north side and Arabian Sea in south of Pakistan. Geologically Pakistan overlaps the Eurasian, Iranian, and Indian tectonic plates.

Islamabad is one of a best city of Pakistan. The tourist can visit this city every year. It is located at 33.43°N 73.04°E at the edge of the Pothohar Plateau at the foot of the Margalla Hills in Islamabad Capital Territory. Its elevation is 507meters (1,663 feet). To the east of the city lies Murree and Kotli Sattian. The area of Islamabad is 906 square kilometres (350square miles) and it is located 120km (75miles) SSW of Muzaffarabad, 185km (115miles) east of Peshawar, 295km (183miles) NNE of Lahore, and 300km (190miles) WSW of Srinagar, the capital of Indian Kashmir.

To the north lies the Haripur District of North-West Frontier Province (Khyber Pakhton Khwan). Gujar Khan, Kallar, Syedian, Kahuta, Rawat, and Mandrah lies on the northeast side, and Rawalpindi to the southwest side, and Taxila, Wah Cantt, and Attock district to the northwest side. A further 2,717sq km (1,049 square miles) area is known as the Specified Area, with the Margala Hills in the north and Northeast. 

Islamabad's micro-climate is regulated by three artificial reservoirs like Khanpur Dam, Rawal Dam, and Simli Dam. Khanpur Dam is located on the Haro River near the town of Khanpur is about 40km (25 miles) from Islamabad. Simli Dam is located 30km (19 miles) north of Islamabad. About 220 acres (89 ha) of the city consists of Margalla Hills National Park and the Loi Bher Forest is situated along the Islamabad Highway, that covers an area of 1,087 acres (440 ha).

The climate of Islamabad has a humid subtropical climate, with 5 seasons i.e. spring (March to April), summer (May to June), Rainy Monsoon (July to August), autumn (September to October), and winter (November to February). The hottest month in Islamabad is June, with the average temperature exceeds 38 °C/100.4°F, while the wettest month is July, with heavy shower and evening thunderstorms with cloudburst not be neglected. The coolest month is January, in which temperatures vary from cold to mild, habitually dropping below 0, hills sparse snowfall. On 23-July-2001, Islamabad received a record breaking 620mm (24inch) of rain fell in just 10 hours. It was the heaviest rainfall in 24 hours in Islamabad and at any locality in Pakistan during the past 100 years.

The Hub Dam and Monsoon 2003

A picture of the dam in February 2011
Since 1995 i.e. first time after 8 years the Hub Dam was filled in 2003 due to great Monsoon rains in most of its catchment region i.e. western Sind and eastern Baluchistan from 6th to the end of July 2003. Before the start of Monsoon rains the level of water in the dam was 278 feet. By 13th July, 2003 the level reached 292 ft and after a strong spell in the region (during 16-19 July) it has touched level of 313 ft around 20th of July. As more water was continue to coming in the dam, the local authorities or the Dam officials issued warning for people of the nearby areas to take precautions in case of the Dam overflowing.

It is written in my diary of 2003 (most probably from the official news or newspaper report) that ‘Capacity of dam is 339 ft and due to the most intense rain spell (from 23rd July to 28th July) the water level reached dam’s capacity’. On 29th July, 2003 it was reported that dam has completely filled, reached near 340 ft and the excess water has started to overflow through the Hub River (Hub Naddi).


Earlier in the history the Dam overflowed in 1984, 1989, 1992, 1994 and 1995 (as information also given in above link).


Last time Hub Dam filled to capacity was in 2007 however the most recent ‘good time’ for Hub Dam was in Monsoon 2011 when though it wasn’t full but very good amount water came in the dam especially due to a strong spell in September that took the water level up to 327 ft. (Some detail included in information given in the above 2nd link).
Article Shared by: Waseem Ahmed (Most Active User)
Share your stuff on PakWeather.com by Sending Email:  owaishdr1@gmail.com

Meteorites fall in Sindh Pakistan

Meteorite Shower in Tharparkar - Pakistan Around Eastern Sindh
Meteorites are naturally occurring small rocky or metallic body objects that originate in and travelling through space, and survive a fall to the ground through Earth's atmosphere. When the object enters the Earth's atmosphere at a speed of 20km/s (kilometer per second), aerodynamic heating generates a streak of light, from the glowing object and the trail of glowing particles that it leaves in its wake. This is called a meteor, or colloquially a "falling star" or "shooting star" is very bright meteors and they called as fireballs. More or less 15,000 tones of meteoroids, micro meteoroids and different types of space particles or dust enter Earth's atmosphere each year.

The question is about meteor shower in Sindh…? People from South Eastern Sindh ( Province of Pakistan ) have tell that a meteor has strike a town by the name of Diplo in the place of Tharparkar district of Sindh.

On 5th-May-2014 a meteor shower occurred in the Ladki village of Tharparkar district in Sindh during the night of 5-May. The meteor caused a small crater. No damage occurred in the region, on the other hand the meteor fell over a school building. The people of that place described the event as loud as thunderstorm or a bomb blast. The meteor weighed about few 100 grams. (Pakistan Weather Portal)

Eye witnesses of Meteorites Shower says : -
“In the present day I saw a meteor, it was very scary but till now there is no news on the TV channels or in other media. It had a weird sound and after a while we heard a blast”, said by Ishaque Nizamani, a citizen.

Hundreds of Peoples killed in latest Nepal Earthquake

In April 2015 Gorkha earthquake held on Nipal was killed over 8,000 people and injured over 19,000. It occurred at 11:56 NST (06:11:26 UTC) on 25 April. The magnitude of this earthquake was 7.8M or 8.1M. The earthquake was initially reported as 7.5M w by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) before it was quickly increases to 7.9M w & last decreases to 7.8M w.

April 2015 Nepal earthquake along with Powerful Aftershocks
ts epicenter was the village of Barpak, Gorkha district, & its hypocenter was at a depth of just about 15kilometer (9.3miles) and also with its epicenter approximately 34kilometer (2 miles) east-southeast of Lamjung, Nepal, lasting approximately 20sec, which is considered shallow & more damaging than quakes that originate deeper in the ground. Some casualties also reported in the adjoining part of India, China, & Bangladesh. The China Earthquake Networks Center(CENC) reported the earthquake's magnitude to be 8.1M s. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) said 2 strong quakes were recorded in Nepal at 06:11 UTC and 06:45 UTC. The 1st quake calculated 7.9Mw & its epicenter were identified at a distance of 80kilometer to the northwest of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. Bharatpur was the nearest large city to the main earthquake, 53kilometer (33miles) from the epicenter.

The 2nd earthquake was low power at 6.6Mw. It occurred 65kilometer (40miles) east of Kathmandu at a depth of 10kilometer (6.2miles) under the earth's surface. Over 35 aftershocks of magnitude 4.5Mw or greater occurred in the day following the initial earthquake, having the magnitude of 6.6Mw.

Dead Zones Recorded in Atlantic Ocean

The one of the most popular ocean Atlantic is packed with life, but for the 1st time researchers have discovered dead zones in these waters, areas low in oxygen and salinity, off the coast of Africa. A team of German and Canadian researchers have discovered areas with extremely low levels of oxygen in the tropical North Atlantic, several 100km off the coast of West Africa. Fish cannot live in the dead zones, and researchers do not understand how microorganisms will react.
This lack of picture is because of scientists stumbled upon this finding. Johannes Karstensen, of Germany’s GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, & some other scientists have studied this area of the world’s oceans about 10years. Every years, they take back and check their instrumentation.
 In 2010, Karstensen told “when we recovered our instruments, we all of the sudden saw that the typically high oxygen was very low, nearly absent. He also said “That really was remarkable for us.  1st we thought there was a problem with the sensor, but we have another instrument a small deeper, about 100m long, & also record lower values found in that range.”
Karstensen said it’s not the 1st time these Atlantic dead zones have shown up in data, other researchers wrote them off as inaccurate, outlier, a measurement error because these regions are expected to have high oxygen levels. The researchers have been conducting observations in the region off the West African coast and around the Cape Verde Islands for the past seven years, measuring not only oxygen concentrations but also water movements, temperature and salinity. They used several tools, including drifting floats that often got trapped within eddies. To measure plant growth, they used satellite observations of ocean surface colour. Only in the last few years, instruments produced high quality data to get proper oxygen readings.

Strong Typhoon Noul nears the Philippines

Super Typhoon Noul makes landfall in north-east  parts of Philippines
In this May-2015, a powerful typhoon starts from the Philippine island of Luzon. If it were to make landfall, it would be the 2nd landfalling blizzard in the island nation this year. Predictions on 8-May suggested that Typhoon Noul (known as Dodong in The Philippines) would turn northeast & brush past the northern island, dousing it with substantial rain but with less potent wind. Nonetheless, residents in 11 provinces were alerted for possible migration. 1000s of people were evacuated from part of the Philippines as a typhoon expected to bring winds of more than 100mph passed close to the coast.

Typhoon Noul Grows More Powerful
Above 10 thousand passengers & 1 thousand shipping vessels were stranded in various ports in the country, mostly along its eastern seaboard. Cebu Pacific cancelled at least 6 domestic flights to northern Philippines.
About 20 storms and typhoons hit the Philippines annually. The strongest on record to make landfall – typhoon Haiyan – devastated the central Philippines in November 2013, claiming more than 7,300 lives.
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired this natural color image of Noul (Dodong) approaching the Philippines at 12:56 PM local time or 04:56 Universal Time on 8-May-2015. Shortly after the image was acquired (06:00 Universal Time), the U.S. Navy Joint Typhoon Warning Center reported the storm had 100 knot winds (115m or 185kmph), a category Three on the Saffir Simpson scale.

The blizzard was still increasing due to very warm ocean conditions. Winds were predicted to reach 120 knots (category 4) late on 9-May. Landfall was expected by 10-May, and the storm was then anticipated to turn north and east and to weaken as it headed toward Japan.

Climate Changes Make Extreme Winter

According to a new study, climate change might be off the table as the reason when it comes to the abnormally cold winters we have seen in recent years. Global warming leads to more extreme weather. Green groups declare that “extreme weather is a product of climate change.”
A team of scientists from Swiss university ETH Zurich and the California Institute of Technology say that climate change does not cause cold snaps. A warmer climate will mean a lower range of temperature fluctuation and increasingly rare cold snaps.
The study in the Journal of Climate says overturns the previous hypothesis that the warming Arctic is weakening the polar jet stream, which in turn leads to higher temperature variability and harsher winter seasons.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) came to similar conclusions about wintertime temperature variability with its own climate simulations. 

On the other hand, it may not be the reason behind extreme winters; climate change will continue to heat up the Earth. 
Scientist also says that, "Despite lower temperature variance, there will be more extreme warm periods in the future because the Earth is warming,"
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration officially declared that the year 2014 was the hottest year on record. The study leader Tapio Schneider says, “The waviness of the jet stream that makes our day-to-day weather does not change much."  According to another theory smog from Asia is worsening storms over the Pacific Ocean and possibly caused to colder winters.

Bad News Antarctica's Record High Temperature

You visit Balmy Antarctica for your spring break. This Antarctica is the most coldest and barren continent on the Earth. It has just set strange highest temperature on record. Weather sites report that the Antarctica likely hit a record breaking high temperature of 63.5 °F ( 17.5°C ) on March-24.
The World Meteorological Organization has informed that it is the highest temperature on record for the continent of Antarctica.
Granting to the British Antarctic Survey (BAS), temperature of continent has raised an average of about 5°F or 2.8°C in the last century, which results the melting of ice burgs along the coasts of Antarctica.
On March-24 it is recorded that is all the more impressive considering that it was set just 1 day after Antarctica had reached a recorded new high temperature of 63.3°F (17.4°C) on before day. Preceding to the recent two record setting days, the hottest day in the continent had ever gotten was 62.8°F / 17.1°C on 24-April-1961.

Other than the record is not yet official because the reading was recorded on the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, which may not be considered area of the continent in weather record keeping. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is expected to check whether the area was definitely in Antarctica or whether it is technically positioned in Argentina.

According to the scientists, when it comes to the whole planet, the Earth remains on track to warm by an average of additional 2.8 degrees C (3.6 degrees F) by the end of the century. Even though precisely how much is expected to depend on countries' abilities to reduce discharges of heat-trapping greenhouse gases.

Can Wild Animals Predict or Forecast Earthquakes?

ANSWER: Yes, Animals can predict earthquakes!
The idea that animals can predict or forecast earthquakes is not a new one; it has been around for centuries. For more than 2000 years, there have been anecdotal accounts of unusual animal behavior preceding and associated with earthquakes. In 373 B.C., ancient Greek historians recorded that animals, including rats, snakes and weasels, deserted the Greek city of Helice in droves for safety several hours or days before powerful seismic events. Moreover, anecdotal evidence abounds of animals, fish, birds, reptiles, and insects showing anonymous behavior anywhere from weeks to seconds before a destructive earthquake.
In 1920, the largest earthquake to hit China with a magnitude of 8.5 occurred in Haiyuan County, Ninghsia Province. The eyewitnesses of China earthquake (1920, with a magnitude of 8.5) report that wolves were seen running around in packs, dogs were barking unusually, and birds were flying around wildly before an event.
In May, 2008 the massive and deadly earthquake hit China in which the days prior to the quake, thousands of toads hopped along the streets in one of the provinces that were hardest struck. And in the hours very soon before the earthquake, zoo animals began acting strangely. Zebras were banging their heads against a door at the zoo, over six hundred miles east of the epicenter. Elephants swung their trunks wildly, almost hitting a staff member. The lions and tigers, which habitually would be asleep at midday, were walking around. Dozens of peacocks were also seen starting screeching 5 minutes earlier than the earthquake hit.

A research in China has indicated that recognition of strange animal behavior in a systematic way can be used, in conjunction with other methods, as a means of predicting large and possibly destructive earthquakes.
The possible reason for such animal’s behavior is that the movement of underground rocks prior to a quake generates an electrical signal that only animals can perceive. While there is a theory that other animals can sense weak shocks before an earthquake that are hardly noticeable by humans.

A study was held in Japan surveyed pet owners about strange behaviors demonstrated before the devastating magnitude 9.0 earthquake in March 11, 2011. According to Japanese scientists, animals might detect an earthquake ahead of human for several reasons; one is that cats and dogs have a wider hearing range and better scent detection as compare with humans.