The different news channels of different country suffers from some of the highest air pollution levels in the world. The emissions in the country from refineries, industries, vehicles, and thermal power plants, all chip in to heart disease, lung disorders and cancer.Pakistan contributes very little to the overall Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, but remains severely impacted by the negative effects of climate change.Coastal areas bordering the Arabian Sea in the south of Pakistan will be at greatest risk due to increased flooding from the sea and in some cases, the rivers.In Himalayas, the glacier melt is projected to increase flooding will affect water resources within the next two to three decades. This will be followed by decreased river flows over time as glaciers recede.Availability of fresh water is also projected to decrease which will lead to biodiversity loss and reduce availability of fresh water for the population.When solid waste is burnt, heavy metals like smoke spread, lead, and toxic gases over residential areas. The wind also carries dust, gases, and waste caused by decomposition.Being a predominantly agriculture economy.
Climate change is estimated to decrease crop yields in Pakistan which in turn will affect livelihoods and food production. Combining the decreased yields with the current rapid population growth and urbanization in the country, the risk of hunger and food security will remain high. Endemic mortality and morbidity due to diseases primarily associated with droughts and floods are expected to rise. Increases in coastal water temperatures would exacerbate the abundance of cholera. The change in climate will also aggravate the existing social inequalities of resource use and intensify social factors leading to displacement, conflicts, instability, of people and changes in migration patterns.