K-2 Mountain Highest Peak In Pakistan & Second Highest in the World
There are at least 109 mountains with elevations of greater than 23,622 feet above sea level located in southern and central Asia.K2 mountain is one of them situated on the Pakistan-Chinese border. After Mount Everest It is the 22nd most prominent mountain of the world. K2 is about 8,611 metres/28,251 ft.
K2, also known as Chhogori/Qogir which means large mountain, Ketu/Kechu, and Mount Godwin-Austen for Haversham Godwin-Austen (1834-1923), an early British surveyor and explorer. It is the second highest mountain in the world at). The name K2 was given in 1852 by British surveyor T.G. Montgomerie with "K" designating the Karakoram Range and "2" as it is the 2nd highest peak in the world.
K2 is nicknamed the Savage Mountain due to the extreme difficulty of ascent and for its severe weather. K2 is typically climbed in June, July, or August and has never been climbed during wintertime. One in every four people who have attempted the summits were died trying. To reach the peak of K2 is more difficult and hazardous from the Chinese side. It is usually climbed from the Pakistani side.
K2 has variously been described as the awesome, killer, and savage mountain as the mountain with the highest fatality to summit rate (246 summits, 55 deaths). This is because of the massiveness of its size, unsuccessful attempts to climb by various expedition parties.
In 1902 British climbers Aleister Crowley with six climbers made the first attempt to climb K2, from March to June. The party spent 68 days, with only 8 clear days, on the mountain. 8 days of bad weather defeated them and they retreated after a high point of 21,407 feet/6,525 meters. Scraps of expedition clothing were later found below K2 and are displayed at Neptune Mountaineering in Boulder, Colorado.
In 1909, Italian climber Prince Luigi Amedeo led an expedition to K2. He reached an elevation of 20,505 feet/6,250 meters and found the climb was too difficult. Duke said that the mountain would never be climbed.
Fritz Wiessner, a German climber transplanted to the US, led a 1939 American expedition that set a new world altitude record by reaching 27,500 feet on the Abruzzi Spur. The party was 656 feet from the summit before turning around. Four team members were killed.
On 9th August, 1977, 23 years after K2's first ascent, the peak's second ascent came by a Japanese team led by Ichiro Yoshizawa including Ashraf Aman who is the first Pakistani climber to summit K2.
12 women have summited K2 in 2013, of which four died were on the descent. On August 23, 2011, Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner was the first woman who reached the summit of K2. She climbed all 14 of the 8,000-meter mountains without using supplemental oxygen and became the 2nd woman to climb the 8,000 meters.
K2 is, next to Annapurna, the second most dangerous one of the most difficult of the fourteen 8,000-meter peaks, offering technical climbing, severe weather conditions, and high avalanche danger. As of 2014, over 335 climbers have reached K2's summit, while at least 82 have died.