What is Ebola Virus? Symptoms, Treatment, and how to safe from it?Ebola virus disease (EVD),also formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is an infectious and often fatal illness in humans marked by fever and severe internal bleeding, spread through contact with infected body fluids by a Ebola virus , whose normal host species is unknown.
Ebola virus disease was first appeared in 1976 in Democratic Republic of Congo which is the latter occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name. It was appeared in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara and Sudan, and the other one was in Yambuku.
The virus is transmitted to people from wild and infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines and spreads in the human and transmitt human-to-human.
The 2014 Ebola outbreak is the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak in history and the first in west Africa. It is the most complexed Ebola outbreak since the Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976. There have been more cases and deaths in this outbreak than all others combined.
The most severely affected countries by Ebola are Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. These countries have very weak system of health, contains lack of human and infrastructural resources. They are recently emerged from long periods of conflict and instability.
The Awareness of Ebola Virus
- To get rid of any disease, awareness and precautions plays a key role.
- Should be aware from contact with infected fruit bats, monkeys or apes and from their raw meat consumption.
- Should be handle your animals by wearing proper gloves or any appropriate protective clothing.
- Before consumption , animal products like blood and meat, should be thoroughly cooked.
- Should not direct or close contact with people who are effected from Ebola virus, particularly with their bodily fluids. During the care of ill patients at home, gloves and appropriate personal protective equipment should be worn properly .
- Regular hand washing is required after visiting patients in hospital, as well as after taking care of patients at home will definitely reduce the risk of person to person transmission of Ebola disease.
- Identifying people who may have been in contact with someone infected with Ebola disease, separating the healthy from the sick is more important.
- Prompt and safe burial of the dead, good hygiene and maintaining a clean environment has many importance.
Did Scientists Discover the Treatment of Ebola Virus?Supportive care-rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids- and treatment of specific symptoms, improves survival. There is as yet no proven treatment available for EVD. However, a range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated. The licensed vaccines of this virus are not available at that time, but two powerful vaccines are undergoing to human safety testing.
The brooding period, that is, the time interval from infection with the virus to the onslaught of symptoms is 2 to 21 days. Humans are not infectious until they produce symptoms. The beginning symptoms are the sudden onset of fever, fatigue, muscle pain, headache and painful throat. This is accompanied by retching, diarrhea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some instances, both internal and external bleeding.