ANSWER: Yes, Animals can predict earthquakes!The idea that animals can predict or forecast earthquakes is not a new one; it has been around for centuries. For more than 2000 years, there have been anecdotal accounts of unusual animal behavior preceding and associated with earthquakes. In 373 B.C., ancient Greek historians recorded that animals, including rats, snakes and weasels, deserted the Greek city of Helice in droves for safety several hours or days before powerful seismic events. Moreover, anecdotal evidence abounds of animals, fish, birds, reptiles, and insects showing anonymous behavior anywhere from weeks to seconds before a destructive earthquake.
In 1920, the largest earthquake to hit China with a magnitude of 8.5 occurred in Haiyuan County, Ninghsia Province. The eyewitnesses of China earthquake (1920, with a magnitude of 8.5) report that wolves were seen running around in packs, dogs were barking unusually, and birds were flying around wildly before an event.
In May, 2008 the massive and deadly earthquake hit China in which the days prior to the quake, thousands of toads hopped along the streets in one of the provinces that were hardest struck. And in the hours very soon before the earthquake, zoo animals began acting strangely. Zebras were banging their heads against a door at the zoo, over six hundred miles east of the epicenter. Elephants swung their trunks wildly, almost hitting a staff member. The lions and tigers, which habitually would be asleep at midday, were walking around. Dozens of peacocks were also seen starting screeching 5 minutes earlier than the earthquake hit.
A research in China has indicated that recognition of strange animal behavior in a systematic way can be used, in conjunction with other methods, as a means of predicting large and possibly destructive earthquakes.
The possible reason for such animal’s behavior is that the movement of underground rocks prior to a quake generates an electrical signal that only animals can perceive. While there is a theory that other animals can sense weak shocks before an earthquake that are hardly noticeable by humans.
A study was held in Japan surveyed pet owners about strange behaviors demonstrated before the devastating magnitude 9.0 earthquake in March 11, 2011. According to Japanese scientists, animals might detect an earthquake ahead of human for several reasons; one is that cats and dogs have a wider hearing range and better scent detection as compare with humans.