Islamabad's Geography, Climate, and Environment

In this world, Pakistan is one of few countries to have every kind of geological structure. The geography structure of the country Pakistan is a blend of landscapes. You will find plateaus, hills, deserts, forests, and plains. There are coastal areas along the mountains of the Karakoram Range in the north side and Arabian Sea in south of Pakistan. Geologically Pakistan overlaps the Eurasian, Iranian, and Indian tectonic plates.

Islamabad is one of a best city of Pakistan. The tourist can visit this city every year. It is located at 33.43°N 73.04°E at the edge of the Pothohar Plateau at the foot of the Margalla Hills in Islamabad Capital Territory. Its elevation is 507meters (1,663 feet). To the east of the city lies Murree and Kotli Sattian. The area of Islamabad is 906 square kilometres (350square miles) and it is located 120km (75miles) SSW of Muzaffarabad, 185km (115miles) east of Peshawar, 295km (183miles) NNE of Lahore, and 300km (190miles) WSW of Srinagar, the capital of Indian Kashmir.

To the north lies the Haripur District of North-West Frontier Province (Khyber Pakhton Khwan). Gujar Khan, Kallar, Syedian, Kahuta, Rawat, and Mandrah lies on the northeast side, and Rawalpindi to the southwest side, and Taxila, Wah Cantt, and Attock district to the northwest side. A further 2,717sq km (1,049 square miles) area is known as the Specified Area, with the Margala Hills in the north and Northeast. 

Islamabad's micro-climate is regulated by three artificial reservoirs like Khanpur Dam, Rawal Dam, and Simli Dam. Khanpur Dam is located on the Haro River near the town of Khanpur is about 40km (25 miles) from Islamabad. Simli Dam is located 30km (19 miles) north of Islamabad. About 220 acres (89 ha) of the city consists of Margalla Hills National Park and the Loi Bher Forest is situated along the Islamabad Highway, that covers an area of 1,087 acres (440 ha).

The climate of Islamabad has a humid subtropical climate, with 5 seasons i.e. spring (March to April), summer (May to June), Rainy Monsoon (July to August), autumn (September to October), and winter (November to February). The hottest month in Islamabad is June, with the average temperature exceeds 38 °C/100.4°F, while the wettest month is July, with heavy shower and evening thunderstorms with cloudburst not be neglected. The coolest month is January, in which temperatures vary from cold to mild, habitually dropping below 0, hills sparse snowfall. On 23-July-2001, Islamabad received a record breaking 620mm (24inch) of rain fell in just 10 hours. It was the heaviest rainfall in 24 hours in Islamabad and at any locality in Pakistan during the past 100 years.

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